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New Delhi: Diabetes is a state characterised by spiking blood sugar levels triggered by insulin resistance, absence, or shortage. This metabolic disorder – across its various forms like Mellitus, type-1, type-2, and sometimes gestational – is chronic and linked to increased risk of mortality if not managed timely. One of the most common forms of this metabolic disorder, type-2 diabetes, is due to spiking blood sugar levels can trigger kidney complications and heart diseases. In extreme cases and when left untreated, diabetes can raise the risk of foot amputations.
Diabetes and limb amputation
High blood sugar levels triggered by diabetes can result in nerve damage, known as peripheral neuropathy. This can result in certain complications in the hands, legs, and feet like loss of any sensation or numbness.
For type-2 diabetes patients, foot problems are the most common complication. Although they take time to develop within, the condition can become serious too soon and may call for immediate limb amputation. Nerve damage triggered by diabetes can end all sensations in the lower limbs; one may even stop feeling the feet completely.
Collectively, these factors may put pressure on bones, joints, and skin; and while walking it can break down the skin of the foot.
Sores can also develop, and for diabetes patients, due to lack of proper blood circulation, these sores may take longer than usual to heal. As a result, patients can develop gangrene – a state characterised by dead tissues caused by an infection a lack of blood supply. The only treatment left in this case is a foot or leg amputation. Once the infection spreads to the blood, it can be fatal.
When it comes to type-2 diabetes, age is a major risk factor with most of the cases being diagnosed in people aged 60 to 74. Although it can be diagnosed at a younger age as well, older adults with diabetes have a higher mortality risk as opposed to others.
Can diet help with diabetes management?
Be it type-1 or type-2 diabetes, sticking to a low-carb diet including low glycemic index foods can prove helpful. Some of the best foods for diabetes patients include:
Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet.
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